Ali, MS; Saleem, M; Ali, Z and Ahmad, VU (2000). Chemistry of Zataria multiflora (lamiaceae). Phytochemistry. 55: 933-936.
Alinezhad, S; Kamalzadeh, A; Shams-Ghahfarokhi, M; Rezaee, MB; Jaimand, K; Kawachi, M; Zamani, Z; Tolouei, R and Razzaghi-Abyaneh, M (2011). Search for novel antifungals from 49 indigenous medicinal plants: Foeniculum vulgare and Platycladus orientalis as strong inhibitors of aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus. Ann. Microbiol., 61: 673-681.
Bailey, RW (1967). Quantitative studies of ruminant digestion, New Zeal. J. Agr. Res., 10: 15-32.
Belhassen, H; Jiménez-Díaz, I; Arrebola, J; Ghali, R; Ghorbel, H; Olea, N and Hedili, A (2015). Zearalenone and its metabolites in urine and breast cancer risk: A case-control study in Tunisia. Chemosphere. 128: 1-6.
British Pharmacopoeia (1998). HMSO, London. 2: A137-A138.
CAST (2003). Mycotoxins: risks in plant, animal, and human systems. In: Richard, JL and Payne, GA (Eds.), Task Force Report No. 139, Ames, Iowa, USA, The Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. P: 199.
Castillejos, L; Calsamiglia, S and Ferret, A (2006). Effect of essential oil active compounds on rumen microbial fermentation and nutrient flow in in vitro systems. J. Anim. Sci., 89: 2649-2658.
Cho, K; Kang, J; Cho, W; Lee, C; Ha, J and Song, KB (2010). In vitro degradation of zearalenone by Bacillus subtilis. Biotechnol. Lett., 32: 1921-1924.
Cuppett, SL and Hall, C (1998). Antioxidant activity of the labiatae. Adv. Food Nutr. Res., 42: 245-272.
Eftekhar, E; Zamani, S; Yusefzadi, M; Hadian, J and Nejad Ebrahimi, S (2011). Antibacterial activity of Zataria multiflora Boiss. essential oil against extended spectrum β lactamase produced by urinary isolates of Klebsiella pneumonia. Jundishapur J. Microbiol., 4: 43-49.
El-Sharkaway, S; Selim, MI; Afifi, MS and Halaweish, FT (1991). Microbial transformation of zearalenone to a zearalenone sulfate. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 57: 549-552.
Fakour, M; Alameh, A; Rasouli, I and Mazaheri, M (2007). Antifungal effects of Zataria multiflora Boiss. and Thymus eriocalyx (ronniger) jalas essential oils on aflatoxin producing Aspergillus parasiticus. Iran. J. Med. Aromat. Plants., 23: 269-277.
Farzaneh, M; Kiani, H; Sharifi, R; Reisi, M and Hadian, J (2015). Chemical composition and antifungal effects of three species of Satureja (S. hortensis, S. spicigera, and S. khuzistanica) essential oils on the main pathogens of strawberry fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 109: 145-151.
Gorran, A; Farzaneh, M; Shivazad, M; Rezaeian, M and Ghassempour, A (2013). Aflatoxin b1-reduction of Aspergillus flavus by three medicinal plants (lamiaceae). Food Control. 31: 218-223.
Gupta, G and Gupta, NL (1972). Constituents of Zataria multiflora. Phytochemistry. 11: 455-456.
Hernández-Pérez, M; Rabanal, RM; De La Torre, MC and Rodríguez, B (1995). Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and haematological effects of aethiopinone, an o-naphthoquinone diterpenoid from Salvia aethiopis roots and two hemisynthetic derivatives. Planta. Med., 61: 505-509.
Hoseiniyeh, FS; Mirabolfathy, M; Rezaie, DH and Karami, OR (2012). Effect of five essential oils on zearalenon production and growth of Fusarium graminearum. Appl. Entomol. Phytopathol., 80: 81-94.
Hosseinzadeh, H; Hadad, KMH and Shokouhi, ZH (1998). Antihyperglycemic effect of Salvia lerrifolia benth. Leaf and seed extract in mice. Iran. J. Med. Sci., 23: 74-80.
Huwig, A; Freimund, S; Käppeli, O and Dutler, H (2001). Mycotoxin detoxication of animal feed by different adsorbents. Toxicol. Lett., 122: 179-188.
Kohiyama, CY; Ribeiro, MMY; Mossini, SAG; Bando, E; Da Silva Bomfim, N; Nerilo, SB; Rocha, GHO; Grespan, R; Mikcha, JMG and Machinski Jr, M (2015). Antifungal properties and inhibitory effects upon aflatoxin production of Thymus vulgaris l. by Aspergillus flavus link. Food Chem., 173: 1006-1010.
Krizsan, SJ and Huhtanen, P (2013). Effect of diet composition and incubation time on feed indigestible neutral detergent fiber concentration in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 96: 1715-1726.
Liu, J (1995). Pharmacology of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid. J. Ethnopharmacol., 49: 57-68.
Luo, Y; Yoshizawa, T and Katayama, T (1990). Comparative study on the natural occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins (trichothecenes and zearalenone) in corn and wheat from high- and low-risk areas for human esophageal cancer in China. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 56: 3723-3726.
Mohagheghzadeh, A; Shams-Ardakani, M; Ghannadi, A and Minaeian, M (2004). Rosmarinic acid from Zataria multiflora tops and in vitro cultures. Fitoterapia. 75: 315-321.
Peana, A; Satta, M; Moretti, ML and Orecchioni, M (1994). A study on choleretic activity of Salvia desoleana essential oil. Planta. Med., 60: 478-479.
Pietsch, C; Kersten, S; Burkhardt-Holm, P; Valenta, H and Dänicke, S (2013). Occurrence of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone in commercial fish feed: An initial study. Toxins. 5: 184-192.
Pietsch, C; Noser, J; Wettstein, FE and Burkhardt-Holm, P (2014). Unraveling the mechanisms involved in zearalenone-mediated toxicity in permanent fish cell cultures. Toxicon. 88: 44-61.
Rajaei, H and Khajehali, M (2009). Histochemical screening of flavonoids in secretory trichomes of Zataria multiflora leaves. Planta. Med., 9 (57th International Congress and Annual Meeting of the Society for Medicinal Plant and Natural Product Research: Geneva, Switzerland), 75: 154.
Ramos, AJ; Fink-Gremmels, J and Hernandez, E (1996). Prevention of toxic effects of mycotoxins by means of nonnutritive adsorbent compounds. J. Food Prot., 59: 631-641.
Reddy, K; Reddy, C and Muralidharan, K (2009). Potential of botanicals and biocontrol agents on growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus infecting rice grains. Food Control. 20: 173-178.
Rodrigues, I (2014). A review on the effects of mycotoxins in dairy ruminants. Anim. Prod. Sci., 54: 1155-1165.
Sajed, H; Sahebkar, A and Iranshahi, M (2013). Zataria multiflora Boiss. (Shirazi thyme)—an ancient condiment with modern pharmaceutical uses. J. Ethnopharmacol., 145: 686-698.
Sandosskumar, R; Karthikeyan, M; Mathiyazhagan, S; Mohankumar, M; Chandrasekar, G and Velazhahan, R (2007). Inhibition of Aspergillus flavus growth and detoxification of aflatoxin B1 by the medicinal plant zimmu (Allium sativum L. × Allium cepa L.). World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 23: 1007-1014.
Shokri, H and Sharifzadeh, A (2017). Zataria multiflora Boiss.: A review study on chemical composition, anti-fungal and anti-mycotoxin activities, and ultrastructural changes. J. Herbmed. Pharmacol., 6: 1-9.
Soltani, M; Zarifmanesh, T and Zorriehzahra, S (2013). Effect of Zataria multiflora essential oils on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykis) complement component activity and lysozyme. Iran. Sci. Fish. J., 21: 13-23.
Taghavi-Nezhad, M; Alipour, D; Flythe, MD; Zamani, P and Khodakaramian, G (2013). The effect of essential
oils of Zataria multiflora and Mentha spicata on the in vitro rumen fermentation, and growth and deaminative activity of amino acid-fermenting bacteria isolated from Mehraban sheep. Anim. Prod. Sci., 54: 299-307.
Takahashi-Ando, N; Ohsato, S; Shibata, T; Hamamoto, I; Yamaguchi, I and Kimura, M (2004). Metabolism of zearalenone by genetically modified organisms expressing the detoxification gene from Clonostachys rosea. Appl. Environ. Microb., 70: 3239-3245.
Tanaka, T; Hasegawa, A; Yamamoto, S; Lee, US; Sugiura, Y and Ueno, Y (1988). Worldwide contamination of cereals by the Fusarium mycotoxins nivalenol, deoxynivalenol, and zearalenone. 1. Survey of 19 countries. J. Agric. Food Chem., 36: 979-983.
Taylor, WJ and Draughon, FA (2001). Nannocystis exedens: A potential biocompetitive agent against Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. J. Food Prot., 64: 1030-1034.
Velazhahan, R; Vijayanandraj, S; Vijayasamundeeswari, A; Paranidharan, V; Samiyappan, R; Iwamoto, T; Friebe, B and Muthukrishnan, S (2010). Detoxification of aflatoxins by seed extracts of the medicinal plant, Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague ex turrill-structural analysis and biological toxicity of degradation product of aflatoxin G1. Food Control. 21: 719-725.
Ward, T; Watkins, K; Southern, L; Hoyt, P and French, DD (1991). Interactive effects of sodium zeolite-a and copper in growing swine: Growth, and bone and tissue mineral concentrations. J. Anim. Sci., 69: 726-733.
Wasser, S; Ho, JMS; Ang, HK and Tan, CEL (1998). Salvia miltiorrhiza reduces experimentally-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats. J. Hepatol., 29: 760-771.
Yi, PJ; Pai, CK and Liu, JR (2011). Isolation and characterization of a Bacillus licheniformis strain capable of degrading zearalenone. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 27: 1035-1043.
Yu, Y; Qiu, L; Wu, H; Tang, Y; Lai, F and Yu, Y (2011). Oxidation of zearalenone by extracellular enzymes from Acinetobacter sp. SMo4 into smaller estrogenic products. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 27: 2675-2681.