Effect of different dietary fiber-rich extenders on the quality attributes of functional restructured buffalo meat fillets

Document Type : Short paper


1 Division of Livestock Products Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India - 190006

2 Division of Livestock Products Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, India - 243122

3 Division of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India - 190006


Background: The ever-increasing market of functional meat products demanded especially by modern health conscious consumers has prompted researchers to develop healthier meat products. Aims: This experiment was conducted to improve the dietary fiber-deficient buffalo meat with natural functional fiber-rich extenders. Methods: Meat obtained from the carcass of adult female buffalo (>10 years of age) was procured from the local market within 5-6 h of slaughter, conditioned for 24 h, and then processed by incorporating the dietary fiber-rich extenders at their optimum levels viz. 12% barley flour, 12% maize flour, 10% pea hull powder, and 8% wheat bran (hydrated as 1:1, w/w) for the development of functional restructured buffalo meat fillets (FRBMF). Results: Results revealed higher cooking yield, pH, moisture content, lower protein, and fat percentage for most of the treated samples compared with the control group. The ash percentage of FRBMF prepared with the optimum level of pea hull powder and wheat bran was significantly higher (P<0.05) than in control and other treatments. Shear force values for FRBMF were lower than the control. Total dietary fiber (TDF) percentage of all the treatment products was significantly higher (P<0.05) than the control. Texture profile analysis revealed no significant differences (P>0.05) between FRBMF and the control. The sensory scores for most of the attributes of FRBMF incorporated with the optimum level of extenders were lower but comparable to the control. Conclusion: It was concluded that the functionality of the product had improved, especially in terms of total dietary fiber, as compared to the control. Pea hull powder and wheat bran proved to be excellent sources of dietary fibers, followed by barley and maize flours, respectively.


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