Identification of coagulase negative staphylococcal species from bovine mastitis in India

Document Type : Full paper (Original article)


1 MVSc in Veterinary Microbiology, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati-517502, India

2 Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati-517502, India


Background: Staphylococcal mastitis is a major cause of concern to the dairy industry in India and several countries worldwide. Though Staphylococcus aureus is the major cause, coagulase negative staphylococcal species (CoNS) are being increasingly reported in recent years. Aims: To investigate the incidence of coagulase negative staphylococcal species in bovine mastitis. Methods: Isolation of staphylococci was carried out from 237 milk samples of cows and She buffaloes with clinical and subclinical mastitis from different regions of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. CoNS isolates were identified by tube coagulase test using fresh rabbit plasma and coagulase gene PCR. We employed the biochemical test scheme published elsewhere previously for identification of the CoNS isolates up to species and subspecies levels. Seven representative isolates were identified by 16S rDNA sequencing to check the accuracy of biochemical test based identification. Results: The CoNS constitute the majority of the staphylococcal isolates from mastitis (80/125, 64%) in this region. Using biochemical test scheme, the CoNS isolates from bovine mastitis were identified as S. cohnii sub sp. cohnii, S. simulans, S. capitis sub sp. capitis, S. cohnii sub sp. xylosus, and S. lugdunensis. The CoNS species S. schleiferi, S. haemolyticus, S. sciuri, S. xylosus, S. chromogenes, and Macrococcus epidermidis were identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. Conclusion: The 16S rDNA sequencing is the appropriate method for the identification of CoNS species. This study highlighted coagulase negative staphylococcal species as possible etiological agents of mastitis.


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