Histomorphometrical changes of oviduct during the long-term exposure of breeder hens to extra thyroxine

Document Type : Full paper (Original article)


1 Graduated from College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

2 Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

3 Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Basic Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


In this research a 100 day long treatment period was considered to unmask the probable adverse effects of long-term induced hyperthyroidism on histomorphometrical attributes of the oviduct in broiler breeder hens. A total of seventy 47-week-old Cobb 500 breeder hens were randomly allotted to two treatment groups (5 replicates of 7 hens each). Thyroxine (T4) was orally administered to the hyperthyroid group (0.3 mg/bird/d) for 100 consecutive days; whereas the control group received drinking water only throughout the trial. At 64 weeks of age, 2 birds per replicate were killed by cervical dislocation and their oviducts were removed. For histomorphometrical observations, segments were taken from five different regions. After tissue preparation and staining with haematoxylin and eosin, histological layers were evaluated using light microscopy. The assessment of histomorphometrical characteristics of oviduct showed the height of mucosal folds in the magnum, thickness of mucosal folds of the magnum and uterus, thickness of tunica muscularis in the magnum and vagina, epithelial thickness of the isthmus and vagina, and uterine tubular glands percentage were decreased in the hyperthyroid birds compared with the control counterparts. The results showed long-term induced hyperthyroidism was associated with a decrease in a number of histomorphometrical traits in different regions of the oviduct. Some studies should be done to clarify to what extent the long-term maternal hyperthyroidism might affect the egg production, fertility rate, duration of fertility, and sperm penetration rate to make a final decision on exploitation of this preventative treatment to diminish the ascites incidence in progeny chicks.


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