Serologic evidence of bluetongue infection in onehumped camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Kerman province, Iran

Document Type : Scientific report


Department of Virology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Karadj, Iran


Herein, we presented the first report on bluetongue (BT) disease in 10 pregnant camels in a herd from
Kerman province, Iran. All sera samples were tested serologically (AGID, C-ELISA). We also used the Razi-
BK cell line, performed primary culture of ovine kidney and inoculated intravenously the embryonated
chicken eggs (ECE) to culture and isolate the BT virus. Efforts to culture and isolation of BT virus have met
with very limited success. Following precipitation test (AGID) and C-ELISA, 5 of 10 sera in AGID test, and
all in C-ELISA became positive. Further studies are needed on the ecology of camels and vector midges to
clarify the reason for infection of the camels in Iran.