Zinc modulates heat-induced degenerative effects in mice testes

Document Type: Full paper (Original article)

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lorestan, Khorram Abad, Iran

4 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran;

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate whether administration of zinc sulphate could improve the
response of mouse testis to degenerative effects of short term exposure heating. Fifty-four adult male Balb/C
mice were anaesthetized and the scrotums of 36 of them were immersed for 15 min in a waterbath at 43°C.
Immediately after the heating, half of the heated animals (n = 18) were injected with saline solution (HS) and
the other half (n = 18) were given 10 mg/kg of zinc sulphate intraperitoneally (HZ), and this was continued
every other day for 60 days. Control group of mice (n = 18) were treated identical to the HS group with the
exception that the waterbath was held at 23°C. Mice were sacrificed at 15, 30 and 60 days after heating and
the testes were gently excised. Seminiferous tubules diameter and percentage of spermatogenesis were
measured in each testis. There was a significant reduction in the mean seminiferous tubules diameter and the
percentage of spermatogenesis up to day 30 after heating in the HS group in comparison with the control
group (172.5 ± 2.55 μm vs 208.2 ± 1.53 μm and 18.00 ± 0.77% vs 99.33 ± 0.33%, respectively) but in the
HZ group, only initial decline (up to day 15) was observed in the mean seminiferous tubules diameter (199.1
± 1.90 μm vs 206.0 ± 2.51 μm, not significant) and the percentage of spermatogenesis (91.33 ± 0.95% vs
97.67 ± 0.66%, PHistopathological observations showed progressive degeneration up to day 30 after heating and then normal
structure was returned in the HS group. In the HZ group, normal structure was returned up to day 15. The
results from this study indicated that administration of zinc sulphate may improve the spermatogenesis
process after testicular damage caused by a short term exposure of the mouse testis to heat.