Faecal fat and body weight changes following Roux-en-Y and jejunal loop interposition reconstructive technique in total gastrectomized dogs

Document Type: Short paper

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch, Garmsar, Iran

3 Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Total gastrectomy is one of the most common operative procedures for gastric malignancy, but the
recommended method of gastrointestinal reconstruction after gastrectomy is still controversial. Significant
weight loss has been noted by many observers following gastrectomy. The Roux-en-Y method is the most
frequent reconstructive technique performed after gastrectomy. This technique is easy to perform and
prevents reflux esophagitis, but the major disadvantage of the technique is bypassing of the duodenum from the transit of food. This study was performed to compare two reconstructive techniques (the standard Rouxen-Y and jejunal loop interposition) after gastrectomy, considering post operative body weight loss in 10 healthy dogs. In group A, Roux-en-Y, following gastrectomy end to side anastomosis was performed
between the distal jejunal end and remained part of the stomach. In group B, jejunal loop interposition, a 20
cm section of jejunal loop was resected and interposition of the loop was performed between the remaining
part of the stomach and the deudenum. The patients were weighed before and after surgery until 30 days
postoperatively and their weights were recorded daily. Also, faecal fat was measured on day 28
postoperatively. No fat was detected in faecal samples in group B, however different amounts of fat were
measured in group A. Mean of preoperative weight was 28 ± 3 kg. Data indicates a significant difference in
mean of body weights in both groups pre and post operatively (P<0.05). Mean percentage of body weights
was significantly lower 67.18% ± 4.4 in group A compared to group B (73.05% ± 3.9) (P=0.04), which can
indicate the importance of duodenal passage in reduction of post operative body weight loss.