1Department of Surgery and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
Partial nephrectomy, using open surgery or laparoscopy, is a standard surgical approach to treat renal disorders. The objective of this study was to compare and evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy using figure eight ligation technique. Mixed-breed dogs were randomly dedicated for partial nephrectomy using laparoscopy (n=6) and open surgery (n=6). During 30 days after operation, clinical, hematological and ultrasonographic findings, intra- and post-operative complications, operation and ischemia times, urine analysis and incision length were recorded. Operations were performed successfully and dogs recovered without serious complications. All clinical and hematological findings were within normal range. Comparing two experimental groups, operation time and length of incisional scar were longer in open surgery and ischemia time was longer in laparoscopy (P<0.05). In conclusion, using figure eight ligation, laparoscopy seems to be safer, more feasible, less time consuming in association with less bleeding for partial nephrectomy compared with conventional open surgery in dog.
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