1Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka Enugu State, Nigeria
2Office of the Vice-Chancellor, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
This study investigated the effects of sub-chronic administration of sub-lethal doses of amitraz on some testicular parameters of Albino rats. Twenty-four adult male Albino rats (100 ± 10 g) randomly assigned into four groups were used for the study. Groups A, B and C received 10.0, 2.0 and 0.4 mg/kg amitraz in 10 ml/kg water while group D received equivalent volume of water orally and daily for 84 days. Serum testosterone levels (TESL) were assessed on days 0, 28, 56 and 84. Epididymal sperm reserve (ESR), testicular sperm reserve (TSR), testicular weight index (TWI) and testicular histology were evaluated at the end of the experiment. Results revealed dose-dependent reduction (P<0.05) in the mean TESL, ESR and TSR in the amitraz-treated groups as the dose of the amitraz increased. Histological study revealed testicular degeneration characterized by depopulation of seminiferous tubules and depletion of the spermatogenic cells in rats in group A. It was concluded that sub-chronic administration of sub-lethal doses of amitraz could lead to reduced sperm quantity.
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