Small colon faecalith impaction in a thoroughbred foal

Document Type: Scientific report

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

An 8-month-old female thoroughbred foal was presented showing signs of colic. The foal was anxious,
exhibiting signs of abdominal pain and distention. The foal had tachycardia (120 beats/min), tachypnea (40
breaths/min). Blood samples obtained for haematologic and serum biochemistry analysis that showed a PCV
of 30% and a TPP of 70 g/L. The peritoneal fluid analysis revealed a clear fluid with mild elevation of total
protein. The early treatment involved intravenous administration of a balanced electrolyte solution and
analgesics. The signs of abdominal pain were progressive and nonresponsive to treatments. Therefore,
exploratory laparatomy was elected. During the exploratory laparatomy a faecalith impaction of small colon
was detected. The mass was manipulated, macerated and milked toward the rectum and anus. It was finally
removed via the anus without enterotomy incision. Midline incision and skin incision were sutured routinely.
The foal made an uneventful recovery

Keywords