Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in zoo animals in Pakistan

Document Type: Short paper

Authors

1 MSc Student, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

2 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

3 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

4 Instituto Zooprofi Lattico Sperimentale Dell’Umbria E Delle Marche, Perugia, Italy

Abstract

The study was carried out in zoo animals at Islamabad Zoo, Pakistan to know the prevalence of bovine
tuberculosis. An overall prevalence of 3.3% was recorded in zoo animals with 3.6% in Bovidae, 3.2% in
Cervidae and 0% in Equidae families. The positive animals included spotted deer (1/3; 95% CI = 0.84,
90.57), Chinkara gazella (1/5; 95% CI = 0.51, 71.64) and Blackbuck gazelle (1/30; 95% CI = 0.08, 17.22),
while the negative animals were barking deer (0/4), hog deer (0/24), grey gorals (0/2), urial (0/9), mouflon
(0/4), nilgai (0/5) and zebra (0/4). The results revealed significant association of live weight and number of
calving with the positive tuberculin test, with 32% higher chances for females to show a positive test. Results
also showed that odds of a positive test were 1.19 times higher when animal number was less than 10. The
results of haematological parameters showed significant differences in total erythrocyte counts, hemoglobin,
total leukocyte counts, eosinophil and basophil percentages between positive and negative animals.

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