1Microbiology Laboratory, Animal Health Division, Central Institute for Research on Goats, Makhdoom, PO-Farah, Pin-281122, District Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India
2National JALMA Institute for Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases, Tajganj, Agra-282 001, India
Microscopy as “field based test” was compared with IS900 blood PCR for the diagnosis and estimation of prevalence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in domestic livestock with clinical Johne’s disease (JD). Of 252 animals screened, 39.3 and 13.1% were positive by faecal microscopy and blood PCR, respectively. Proportional agreement between “microscopy” and blood PCR was substantial. 1262 faecal samples from animals suspected of clinical JD were screened by microscopy in 2009-2010 and 41.3% were positive. Prevalence of MAP was highest in cattle (61.8%), followed by goats (41.3%), sheep (33.4%) and buffaloes (15.7%). Faecal microscopy was cost effective, easy to adopt and repeatable for the screening of domestic ruminant population against MAP infection.