1Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lorestan, Khorramabad,
2Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lorestan, Khorramabad, Iran
3MSc in Agronomy, Jahade-Keshavarzy of Lorestan Province, Khorramabad, Iran
Platelet activating factor (PAF) is a novel signaling phospholipids that in addition to platelet activation has many biological properties. The acrosome reaction, as an essential step in mammalian fertilization, can occur in response to several agents such as PAF. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the effect of PAF on the motility and acrosome reaction of ram spermatozoa. Semen was collected from 18 fertile rams and incubated with four levels of PAF (10-7, 10-8, 10-9 and 10-10 mol) at 37°C for 15, 30, 60 or 120 min. Sperm motility and acrosome reaction were analyzed at varying levels of PAF with different incubation periods. With increasing PAF concentration, acrosome reaction was enhanced, while sperm motility was reduced (P2 = 0.86) and reduction in sperm motility (R2 = 0.82).In addition, it was found that a PAF level of 10-9 and incubation time for 30 min is the best optimum for inducing acrosome reaction in ram spermatozoa without drastically decreases in sperm motility. The present study optimized for the first time the concentration and incubation time of PAF for induction of acrosome reaction in fresh ram spermatozoa.