Document Type: Full paper (Original article)
Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord
University, Shahrekord, Iran
DVM Student, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
Staphylococci isolated from 98 mastitic cow’s milk samples were analyzed for the production of alpha,beta and delta-hemolysin on sheep, bovine and horse red blood cells and in vitro susceptibility to several antimicrobial agents. Out of a total of 18 isolated strains, 100% demonstrated hemolytic activity either alone or in combined forms. Among 8 isolates of S. aureus 3 isolates produced α/β and 5 produced α/β/δ hemolysins. From 10 isolates of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), 2 α, 2 δ, 2 α/δ and 4 α/β/δ hemolysins producing isolates were confirmed. S. aureus isolates were resistant to cloxacillin (100%), penicillin (87%) and ampicillin (62.5%). CNSs showed resistance only to amoxicillin (60%). The results suggest that a cow’s infected mammary glands are an important reservoir of hemolytic staphylococci. A high degree of S. aureus antimicrobial resistances was detected.