Concurrent atrioventricular block, sinus arrest and pneumothorax in a dog secondary to vehicle accident

Document Type: Scientific report

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

In human several kinds of electrocardiographic findings have been reported in association with
pneumothorax such as decreased and/or alternating QRS amplitude (electrical alternans). However,
electrocardiographic changes concurrent with pneumothorax have rarely been discussed in veterinary
literature. A 3-year-old male crossbreed dog was presented with a history of car accident. Thoracic
auscultation revealed decreased lung sounds. Heart sounds were also markedly muffled bilaterally. An
electrocardiogram revealed sinus arrest in association with first degree atrioventricular block. Pneumothorax
was the main finding in thoracic radiographs. Seven days after initial admission, thoracic radiographs
revealed that pnuemothorax was resolved and all electrocardiographic abnormalities returned to normal
limits.

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