Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
This case report describes the anesthetic management and ventilation technique in the surgical treatment of traumatic diaphragmatic hernia in a dog. A 5-month-old 8-kg female terrier with a history of car accident was presented for femoral fracture repair. Before anesthetic induction, marked tachypnea and dyspnea were noted. Diaphragmatic hernia was diagnosed based upon radiographic and ultrasonographic findings. Exploratory laparotomy revealed diaphragmatic rupture and herniation of spleen, omentum, parts of liver lobes and stomach into the thoracic cavity. The importance of thorough physical examination and patient assessment, anesthetic management and monitoring, provision of adequate ventilation and oxygenation during surgery using standard ventilation equipment are discussed.